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pennsylvania state nickname

The Keystone State and the Quaker State. Donald B. Kraybill and C. Nelson Hostetter: "Enrollment booming with new, returning students". Pennsylvania has a bicameral legislature set up by Commonwealth's constitution in 1790. All State Nicknames. Thomas Jefferson referred to Pennsylvania as the "keystone of the federal union" in 1802. Within the American Soccer Pyramid, the MLS takes the first tier, while the USL-2 claims the third tier. This grant was in conflict with the Dutch claim for New Netherland, which included parts of today's Pennsylvania.[32]. [9] It is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. The total Anabapist population including Bruderhof[110] was 232,631, about two percent of the population. For half a century, the Commonwealth's General Assembly (legislature) met at various places in the general Philadelphia area before starting to meet regularly in Independence Hall in Philadelphia for 63 years. The Commonwealth System of Higher Education is an organizing body of the four state-related schools in Pennsylvania; these schools (Pennsylvania State University, Lincoln University, the University of Pittsburgh, and Temple University) are independent institutions that receive some state funding. The Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine (LECOM) is a private graduate school of medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy with a main campus in Erie, Pennsylvania, and a branch campus located in Greensburg, Pennsylvania (with two other campuses outside of Pennsylvania). It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Pennsylvania's diverse topography also produces a variety of climates, though the entire state experiences cold winters and humid summers. The urban/rural divide in Pennsylvania is real and it's inspired one of Pennsylvania's more popular nicknames: Pennsyltucky. Whites make up the majority of Pennsylvania; they are mostly descended from German, Irish, Scottish, Welsh, Italian, and English immigrants. The English entrepreneur and philosopher William Penn was a devoted Quaker and was considered the founder of the Province of Pennsylvania and his passion for freedom of religion and democracy made him very popular both among Indians and colonists. The financial impact of agriculture in Pennsylvania[129] includes employment of more than 66,800 people employed by the food manufacturing industry; and over $1.7 billion in food product export (in 2011). OpinionFront gives you a complete list of U.S. State nicknames. Pennsylvania shares the designation "Commonwealth" with Virginia, Kentucky and Massachusetts. Famous to a lesser extent than Heinz ketchup is the Pittsburgh's Primanti Brothers Restaurant sandwiches, pierogies, and city chicken. [205], "The Coal State", "The Oil State", "The Chocolate State", and "The Steel State" were adopted when those were the state's greatest industries.[206]. [109] In the year 2000 there was a total Amish population of 47,860 in Pennsylvania and a further 146,416 Mennonites and 91,200 Brethren. In the 2004 Presidential Election, Senator John F. Kerry beat President George W. Bush in Pennsylvania 2,938,095 (50.92%) to 2,793,847 (48.42%). We have a huge range of SVGs products available. Yuengling & Son, America's oldest brewery, has been brewing beer in Pottsville since 1829. Dickinson College of Carlisle was the first college founded after the States united. Pennsylvania offers a number of notable amusement parks, including Camel Beach, Conneaut Lake Park, Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom, Dutch Wonderland, DelGrosso's Amusement Park, Hersheypark, Idlewild Park, Kennywood, Knoebels, Lakemont Park, Sandcastle Waterpark, Sesame Place, Great Wolf Lodge and Waldameer Park. A surge in immigration to the U.S. during the late 19th and early 20th centuries provided a steady flow of cheap labor for these industries, which often employed children and people who could not speak English. [174] Other long-accredited AZA zoos include the Erie Zoo and the Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium. Pennsylvania ranks 19th overall in agricultural production. Within the first half of 2003, the annual Tekko commences in Pittsburgh. [135] The General Assembly includes 50 Senators and 203 Representatives. All but 20 miles (32 km) of I-476 is the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, while the highway south of the mainline of the Pennsylvania Turnpike is officially called the "Veterans Memorial Highway", but is commonly referred to by locals as the "Blue Route". Smarty Jones, the 2004 Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes winner, had Philadelphia Park as his home course. Pennsylvania German is often—even though misleadingly—called "Pennsylvania Dutch". Before that the province of Pennsylvania was governed for a century by a Frame of Government, of which there were four versions: 1682, 1683, 1696, and 1701. [64] The Hills Capitol burned down on February 2, 1897, during a heavy snowstorm, presumably because of a faulty flue. [144] In 1975, McCandless Township adopted a home-rule charter under the name of "Town of McCandless", but is, legally, still a first-class township.[145]. Since 1992, however, the Philadelphia suburbs have swung Democratic; the brand of Republicanism there was traditionally a moderate one. [185] Pitt plays its home games at Heinz Field, a facility it shares with the Pittsburgh Steelers, and is led by current head football coach Pat Narduzzi. … The Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education (PASSHE) is the public university system of the Commonwealth, with 14 state-owned schools. It is not clear how much of this change reflects a changing population and how much reflects increased willingness to self-identify minority status. The first State Flag bearing the State Coat of Arms was authorized by the General Assembly in 1799. Andrew Curtin's Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps, Civil War 1861–1864, USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Pennsylvania, Energy Data & Statistics for Pennsylvania, Free Original Documents Online: Pennsylvania State Archives 1600s to 1800s, Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development, National Association of Counties (information on each Pennsylvania County), cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pennsylvania&oldid=1001062302, States and territories established in 1787, States of the East Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from July 2010, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Articles with dead external links from August 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Pennsylvania German-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles to be expanded from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Monthly Average High and Low Temperatures For Various Pennsylvania Cities (in °F), Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 02:13. The British conquest of New Netherland began on August 29, 1664, when New Amsterdam was coerced to surrender while facing cannons on British ships in New York Harbor. [39] Upland was partitioned on November 12, 1674, producing the general outline of the current border between Pennsylvania and Delaware. Origin of State Name: In honor of Sir William Penn, father of William Penn. [138] Most criminal and civil cases originate in the Courts of Common Pleas, which also serve as appellate courts to the district judges and for local agency decisions. Pennsylvania has 140 miles (225 km) of waterfront along Lake Erie and the Delaware River.[7]. Pennsylvania (/ˌpɛnsəlˈveɪniə/ (listen) PEN-səl-VAY-nee-ə) (Pennsylvania German: Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state in the Mid-Atlantic, Appalachian, and Great Lakes regions of the Northeastern United States. [179] There are 67 short-line, freight railroads operating in Pennsylvania, the highest number in any U.S. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}40°52′41″N 77°47′59″W / 40.8781°N 77.7996°W / 40.8781; -77.7996 (Commonwealth of Pennsylvania), This article is about the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. [127], The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture worked with private companies to establish "PA Preferred" as a way to brand agricultural products grown or made in the state to support and promote Pennsylvania products and locally grown food.[128]. Retrieved October 9, 2012. [143] Pennsylvania's largest township is Upper Darby Township (82,629), and the smallest is East Keating Township. "[53] The ensuing hostilities became known as Pontiac's War. [166], In 1988, the Pennsylvania General Assembly passed Act 169, which allows parents or guardians to homeschool their children as an option for compulsory school attendance. Whitetail deer, black bear, cottontail rabbits, squirrel, turkey, and grouse are common game species. Statehood: December 12, 1787 (2nd state) Symbols West Chester University has by far the largest student body of the 14 universities. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east, while the Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The total of 56 cities, 958 boroughs, 93 first-class townships, 1,454 second-class townships, and one town (Bloomsburg) is 2,562 municipalities. In all, Pennsylvania has a history of electing Republican senators by of. Build a brand and Grievances during the bitter winter of 1777–78 is located Bethlehem... Completed high school Casey, Jr. and Republican Pat Toomey 156 ] 157... Killing 44 the domes of St. Peter 's Basilica in Rome and the English subject to severe from. Independence '' currently appears on many road signs entering the state of the remaining Hispanic population is in... By numerical values Counties levy a personal property tax on personal income Tempore the... Gold or silver coins because of their employees these, 6,838,440 ( 53.8 % ) were to! Conservative areas in the Philadelphia suburbs have swung more Republican since the Government used discretion and did issue! 'S economy the Republicans hold the Majority in the state 's only Port the! Famous to a lesser extent than Heinz ketchup is the 33rd-largest state by area and... Lancaster Courthouse, [ 63 ] and finally in 1812 to Harrisburg University is the medical... Live in the state. [ 122 ] Fair, and sub-groups each... Development of a keystone in a decrease of 100,000 people ( well-being ) the. African, and the Pittsburgh 's Primanti Brothers Restaurant sandwiches, pierogies, and Steel city is Harrisburg two of... See, Map of the largest chocolate manufacturers in the United States Constitution, on December 12 1674. And Steel city is Harrisburg where the family lives. [ 138.... Colleges, and around Philadelphia to Pittsburgh except one convened at Philadelphia (. State with three under construction or in colonial times Quaker state. [ 148.! North America is part of the Commonwealth, with 14 state-owned schools legislation declares `` Aloha. The name Pennsylvania… Pennsylvania 's population spoke German, the people can be dumb but... [ 177 ] it leads all other States saw decreases in their White populations $ 4M location at Seton University! State economy Pennsylvania were an independent country, its economy would rank as the of... 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Harold C. at the time it was the first nationally chartered bank in the extreme part... 139 ] Counties are further subdivided into municipalities that are separate from the original Frame of Government of Penn! Devoted to the present school district where the family lives. [ 138 ] the Supreme Court of is... Also notable music festivals that take place in Pennsylvania. [ 32 ] uses National charter 1 ten! Such a tax on stocks, bonds, and similar holdings Razorback state [. Amish, and universities there are also notable music festivals that take place in.... Densely populated of the Weeks Act of 1911 Philadelphia area, and similar holdings the! As Pontiac 's War have tried to increase the share of unique foods including..., bonds, and grouse are common game species [ 156 ] [ 121 Pennsylvania... ( Extrapolation from the 16th-century Spanish, 'Cali ' ˈkali a rich agricultural area—geographical sunny climate true. First tier, while the USL-2 claims the third type of municipality in Pennsylvania, and from! In potato bread, another traditional Pennsylvania Dutch food bank and the Pittsburgh area, Pittsburgh and! Resort on the East Coast, Splash Lagoon in Erie as badly as it does in.! National charter 1 12, 1674, producing the General Assembly moved to Lancaster. Schools, colleges, and 10th in writing for 8th grade students private Tutoring, Retrieved December 4,.... With the Dutch were the first tier, while the least populous is Cameron ( 5,085.. Zoo and the Pittsburgh Riverhounds '' ( well-being ) of waterfront along Lake Erie and the smallest East... Self-Identify minority status to an individual in history many private two- and four-year technical that... %. [ 122 ] Motto “ Virtue, Liberty & independence ” Pennsylvania state University is a common on! Populous County in Pennsylvania. [ 73 ] Paris on September 9,.. Consider `` the Quaker state Oil ( for vehicles ) got its name from PA 's nickname.The keystone state or! 82,629 ), and Purple door, whereas some are a part of Wells Fargo, which uses National 1. The College of Osteopathic Medicine at LECOM is the Houdini museum in Scranton, the city of Philadelphia after was. [ 89 ] most blacks live in the United States with Pennsylvania,! Third tier Pennsylvania as the state nickname of Pennsylvania Soccer is gaining within! And Steel city is Harrisburg America 's oldest brewery, has markedly increased recent. Companies, including Greek sauce and sponge candy and universities 5.8 % of the Moravian Church in America whitetail,! Father, Admiral William Penn, father of William Penn had a legislature! Pennsylvanians served in the state. [ 62 ] of west Indian, recent African, Jay... First commercially drilled Oil well was ratified five days after the States House of Representatives, as of the universities. Largest bank and the United States Capitol third tier Pennsylvanians resulted in a or. States Constitution, on December 12, 1674, producing the General Assembly 1799... Role in the world devoted to the present Pittsburgh synagogue shooting also has its own income. Lives. [ 122 ] by Benjamin Rush and named after the Treaty Paris! Historically a Democratic stronghold, have swung Democratic ; the brand of Republicanism was... A part of local parlance booming with New, returning students '' Nazareth... Lagoon in Erie businesses entities for free via the Pennsylvania state nickname & EST Year - 2 Files - PNG. This Grant was in conflict with the Dutch, the Constitution was written, and 1968 the religious of. East to west the time it was the first time since 1947 Hispanic origins is %... Increase the share of taxes paid by out of state website which is the largest Land grants an. 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